Stroke is the death of a portion of the brain due to disturbed perfusion or ischemia or hemorrhage. They are divided into ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes.
A stroke causes multiple problems in the patient, including paralysis of one side of the body, disorders regarding sensory disorders of speech and language, hemianopsia or optical ignorance (which results in loss of sight or ignoring one’s field of vision), cognitive disorders (memory, space orientation and a year of crisis, face recognition, etc.), swallowing disorders and emotional instability (with emotionalism, agitation, apathy, depression) and behavioral disorders.
The therapeutic approach to stroke patients has changed in recent years due to developments in science and technology with FMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) and PET (positron emission tomography), which have helped us to learn more about how the brain works.
Today we are able to evaluate and prove what methods of treatment indeed help and which ones do not.
Based on these data, new therapeutic techniques are developed, as well as specialized neuro-rehabilitation equipment, which are more efficient, with greater and accelerated therapeutic possibilities.
This means that recovery from neurological diseases, now called neuro-rehabilitation, has changed dramatically and that, immediately after the hospital, the patient should be sent directly to a specific neuro-rehabilitation center to ensure maximal possible recovery and allowing him/her to achieve maximal independence.
Four key treatments that change the way stroke rehabilitation is handled include:
- Transcranial brain stimulation
- Robotic systems
- Neuromotor rehabilitation unit
- Virtual reality rehabilitation unit